From 1-30 April, rainfall across the Thames catchment was 50% of the 136 year historic monthly average, with 25.1 mm.
Rainfall in the last year
The graph below shows the rainfall over the last year and percentage increase and decrease against the monthly average.
Where our water comes from
Across our region, we take about 65 per cent of our source water from rivers, in a process called abstraction. We then store this in large, open reservoirs (known as surface reservoirs) before putting it through our treatment process to turn it into drinking water.
The remaining 35 per cent comes from natural underground reservoirs called aquifers, from which we pump water using boreholes. This water has originally fallen as rain and sunk down into the ground in a process called recharge. These supplies from aquifers are referred to as groundwater.
Reservoir and water levels
The diagram below shows the rainfall and levels of water in the rivers, aquifers and reservoirs in our area, for the last month.
Water situation summary
On 30 April, the Thames Regional Soil Moisture Deficit (SMD) total was 52 mm which is significantly higher (i.e. drier) than expected for the time of year.
At the end of April, groundwater levels were below average.
Generally, river flows were significantly below their long term averages in April. The Teddington Target Flow, which determines the minimum flow that must be maintained over Teddington weir, has been maintained at 800 Ml/d in April.
Reservoir storage on the 30 April 2019 for London as a whole was 90% (West London 96% & Lee Valley 64%) and Farmoor storage was 98%.